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Culture/State Information
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Lesson Plans


N Mea Ha`a Pa`ahana - Hula Instruments
Contributed and researched by Kalani N. Po`omaihealani
1. Hano: nose flute
2. Hokeo kani: wind instrument
3. Hokiokio: gourd whistle
4. `Ili'ili: small, smooth, black stones sometimes called  
Hawaiian castanets. 2 stones are placed in each hand
and struck together to make a  clicking  sound
5. Ipu: drum consisting of a single gourd or made of two large
gourds of unequal size joined together
6. Ipu heke: gourd drum with a top section
7. Ipu heke `ole: single drum gourd without a top section
8. Ipu hoehoe: gourd whistle
9. Ipu hula: dance drum made of two gourds sewed together
10. Ipu pa`i: gourd drum
11. Ipu uai, ipu uwai, ipu wai: movable gourd drum
12. K: drum beater made from dried ti-leaves, usually braided,    
 used on the pniu
13. Kla`au: dancing sticks varying in length. The shorter sticks are
 approximately 12-14 inches. 
14. K`eke`eke: bamboo pipes, varying in length from one to 
 several feet; usually with one end open.
15. N`au Kani: A true harp, made of a thin strip of wood,
    about 4 inches long and 1 inch wide, with a coconut midrib   (niau) or bamboo strip lashed length wise; played almost like the `ukk
16. Pahu: drum usually made from trunk of the coconut tree varying
 in size from about 1 foot to 3-4 feet, with a sharkskin covering.
 The skin is taken from the right side of the shark
17. Pahu Pa`i: small sharkskin hula drum
18. Pahupahu: same as K`eke`eke
19. Papa Hehi: footboard, used for dancing; treadle
20. P: large triton conch shell
21. P L`: ti leaf whistle
22. P`ili: bamboo rattles about 20 inches long and about 1 and
 1/2 inches in diameter, with node at one end used as the 
  handle. Bamboo is slit lengthwise, slivers between
  strands removed, that allows the bamboo to rattle or rustle.
23. Pniu: small knee drum made from half a coconut shell. The drum skin is usually from the Kala fish
24. `Ukk: a variety of musical bow, fifteen inches to two feet long and about an inch and a half wide, with two or commonly   
three strings, drawn through holes at one end. The strings were strummed. The old experts made no sound with the vocal cords, but the mouth cavity acted as a resonance chamber. The resulting sound suggested speech and trained persons could understand this language. It was sometimes used for love making
25. `Ulili: A musical instrument consisting of 3 la`amia pierced by a
stick; a string is attached to the center gourd, wound around the stick and when pulled, twirls the gourds and makes a whirring sound. The outer gourds usually contain ali`ipoe seeds or shells
26. `Ul`ul: gourd rattle, containing ali`ipoe seeds with colored
 feathers at the top, used for the hula `ul`ul; to rattle